Click here to download a list of the Pinetum's trees (sorted by Genus and Species) or scroll down to see examples of trees that can be seen here
This species is now listed as endangered by the IUCN due to deforestation in its native Chile and Argentina. It is an ancient species and, due to its geographical distribution, hardy. Although it has adapted to live the harsh environment of the western Andes, it is not immune to the continuous logging for grazing and timber. Approximately 40% of the original forest has been lost since large scale deforestation began.
Bedgebury has many young and mature Monkey Puzzle trees (pictured left - one of our mature stands). Many of these were grown from seeds collected from the last, isolated coastal population of this species in Chile.
Swamp Cypress Taxodium distichum
The Swamp Cypresses are only found in South East USA, Mexico and just in to Guatemala. They are remarkable for their ability to grow in very wet areas. They also produce strange ‘knees’ called pneumatophores but the function of these isn’t really known yet. Some think it is to help get oxygen to the trees roots but it is more likely that it helps in stabilising the trees in swampy wet ground, such as Mangroves.
The Mexican Swamp Cypress is the National Tree of Mexico and can become a very large tree; there is a very famous tree in a church yard in Oaxaca in Mexico that has a circumference of 36m! The young trees we planted in 2005 have some way to go before they get anywhere near this size!
There is an amazing group of Swamp Cypress on the east side of Marshal's Lake. These were all planted in 1925 and now provide a blaze of vibrant reds and browns in autumn.
The Swamp Cypress is just one of five deciduous conifers. Bedgebury has specimens of all five and you can read about them by clicking here.