Click here to download a list of the Pinetum's trees (sorted by Genus and Species) or scroll down to see examples of trees that can be seen here
This species is now listed as endangered by the IUCN due to deforestation in its native Chile and Argentina. It is an ancient species and, due to its geographical distribution, hardy. Although it has adapted to live the harsh environment of the western Andes, it is not immune to the continuous logging for grazing and timber. Approximately 40% of the original forest has been lost since large scale deforestation began.
Bedgebury has many young and mature Monkey Puzzle trees (pictured left - one of our mature stands). Many of these were grown from seeds collected from the last, isolated coastal population of this species in Chile.
Swamp Cypress Taxodium distichum
The Swamp Cypresses are only found in South East USA, Mexico and just in to Guatemala. They are remarkable for their ability to grow in very wet areas. They also produce strange ‘knees’ called pneumatophores but the function of these isn’t really known yet. Some think it is to help get oxygen to the trees roots but it is more likely that it helps in stabilising the trees in swampy wet ground, such as Mangroves.
There is an amazing group of Swamp Cypress on the east side of Marshal's Lake. These were all planted in 1925 and now provide a blaze of vibrant reds and browns in autumn.
The Swamp Cypress is just one of five deciduous conifers. Bedgebury has specimens of all five and you can read about them by clicking here.
The Old Man of Kent Abies grandis
The Old Man of Ken, once the tallest tree in Kent, is no more. It was cut down in the summer of 2016 following a lighting strike during storm Katie which further weakened a tree that was already diseased and in poor physiological shape. This Grand Silver Fir (Abies grandis) was planted in 1840 by Viscount Marshall Beresford, former owner of the Bedgebury estate and a Field Marshall in Wellington’s army. It measured 167 ft in height (51 metres), 131cm in diameter and over 30 cubic metres in volume. At some point in its history, it had been spilt and so it had two main 'leaders' spiralling upwards.
The Grand Fir is native to America's Pacific coast and the Rocky Mountains. It was first discovered by David Douglas in 1825 and introduced to Britain in 1830.
In September 2015, Bedgebury Pinetum staff collected seeds from this species in the wild. These seeds have now been propagated and in due course will be planted across the Pinetum.