Scot's pine - Pinus sylvestris
This is one of the most iconic trees at Bedgebury with its towering sculptured silhouette and orange coloured bark. Mature trees can grow up to 35m and can live up to several hundred years. The oldest known Scots pine blew down at Inveraray in 1951 and was thought to be over 330 years old. Strangely, the needles of young trees are often longer than those of older trees.
The Scots pine has a huge distribution from Scotland to the edge of Russia. In Scotland, the Scots pine forms the basis of once huge pinewood forests although only remnants now remain. In Glen Affric a long-term Forestry Commission project is underway to restore the pinewood forests.
It is widely grown commercially and the wood is used for pulp and sawn timber products.
The other two native conifers of Britain are the common juniper and the yew.